heat consumption in iron ore sintering

heat consumption in iron ore sintering

CHAPTER-11 FUNDAMENTALS OF IRON ORE SINTERING

2012-8-16 · FUNDAMENTALS OF IRON ORE SINTERING R. P. Bhagat ... consumption of sinter and weight of limestone in the burden were closely correlated: 20 ... In sintering, a shallow bed of fine particles is agglomerated by heat exchange and partial fusion of the quiescent mass. Heat is generated by combustion of a solid fuel ad mixed

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Improving Energy Efficiency in Iron Ore Sintering

describe heat transfer from the flame front to the bed and is used in this study. Data on segregated beds from the literature is used in the simulations. The impacts of the factors were considered individually and then combined to determine their cumulative effect on heat transfer during sintering. 2. Segregation in Iron Ore Sintering 2.1.

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Improvement of heat pattern and sinter strength at high ...

2017-9-10 · Iron ore sintering involves various physical and chemical phenomena such as heat and mass transfer, combustion, melting, solidification, evaporation and condensation. Traditionally, coke breeze is the main heat supplier for the iron ore sintering process. The detailed process is described in the published paper (Zhao et al., 2015).

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Improving Energy Efficiency in Iron Ore Sintering through ...

Iron ore sintering is an important pre-processing technology in integrated steel mills. Sinter accounts for around 70 wt.% of the ferrous feed to blast furnaces in the Asia-Pacific region. 1) Sinter making is a complex process and can be viewed as comprising bed preparation under ambient conditions (or cold processing) and subjecting the bed to high temperatures by

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Mathematical modeling of natural gas injection in iron ore ...

2021-12-7 · Iron ore sinter, an iron-bearing material for BF iron-making, is utilised worldwide. A schematic of the NG injection technology is presented in Fig. 1.First, after being ignited by a burner, the coke/coal fines combust downwards and the sintering process between iron ores and flux occurs owing to the presence of a high-temperature zone.

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Iron Ore Sinter - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Iron ore sinter typically constitutes more than 60% of the blast furnace ferrous burden in modern blast furnaces in East Asia. Granulation and thermal densification are two important steps in iron ore sintering and determine the quality of the resultant sinter and

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An efficient method for iron ore sintering with high-bed ...

2021-4-23 · It can be seen from Tables 1 and 2 that the blend with high iron grade has a high content of FeO (14.51 wt.%) because it consisted of 70 wt.% magnetite concentrate and 30 wt.% fine ore. The coke breeze has high fixed carbon content (83.37 wt.%) and low volatile matter content (1.57 wt.%). Methods. The double-layer sintering process is shown in Fig. 1.

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(PDF) Iron Ore Sintering: Process - ResearchGate

2017-2-16 · Sintering is a thermal agglomeration process that is applied to a mixture of iron ore fines, recycled ironmaking products, fluxes, slag-forming

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(PDF) Iron ore sintering. Part 1. Theory and practice of ...

2021-12-15 · 1. INTRODUCTION. The sintering process is used to agglomerate a mix. of iron ores (natural or synthetic), return fi nes, fl uxes. and coke, with a

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Operational and environmental assessment on the use of ...

2015-8-15 · The sintering process is a well-established process in use at integrated steel making plants. It consists of an agglomeration through an oxidizing/reducing fusion of iron ore fines (sinter feed) and fluxing agents (lime, limestone, etc.) as well as re-circulated materials (dust, sludge, etc.) at temperatures between 1200 °C to 1400 ° C. A carbon based solid fuel is added to this

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Improving Energy Efficiency in Iron Ore Sintering through ...

Iron ore sintering is an important pre-processing technology in integrated steel mills. Sinter accounts for around 70 wt.% of the ferrous feed to blast furnaces in the Asia-Pacific region. 1) Sinter making is a complex process and can be viewed as comprising bed preparation under ambient conditions (or cold processing) and subjecting the bed to high temperatures by

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Numerical simulation of fuel layered distribution iron ore ...

Iron ore sintering is a typical application of reactive porous media combustion (RPMC) which has been widely reported. In this work, a computational model of

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Review on alternative fuel application in iron ore sintering

Optimization of gaseous fuel injection for saving energy consumption and improving imbalance of heat distribution in iron ore sintering. Article. Jun 2017; ... In iron ore sintering, effective ...

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Modified coke breeze distribution in iron ore sintering ...

2021-2-9 · MODIFIED COKE BREEZE DISTRIBUTION IN IRON ORE SINTERING - A NOVEL TECHNIQUE OF REDUCING ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND IMPROVING QUALITY J. Pal a,*, D. Prasad b,c, T. Venugopalan b a CSIR- National Metallurgical Laboratory, Jamshedpur, India b Tata Steel Ltd., Jamshedpur, India c Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR),

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SINTERING AND PELLETISATION OF INDIAN IRON ORES

2020-2-2 · High grade iron ore less than 10% of the total reserves. ROM iron ore with Fe less than 58 – 60% discarded as waste. After beneficiation iron ore availability can improve by about 50%. Steel community and the country demand technological solutions for utilising low grade ores. The technology task that would be imperative: 1.

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Three Dimensional Mathematical Model of the Iron Ore ...

which includes sintering and blast furnace processes, and only the sintering process represents around 20% of this amount1,5. Therefore, sintering and blast furnace processes offer good opportunities to decrease the CO 2 emissions since mall decreasing of the coke breeze consumption and bonding agent used in iron ore sintering process

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A Data-Driven Model for Energy Consumption in the ...

The sintering process, as shown in Fig. 1, begins with the preparation of the raw materials consisting of iron ore fines, fluxes, in-plant metallurgical waste materials, fuel, and return fines from the sintering process. These materials are mixed in a rotating drum, and water is added in order to reach the desired agglomeration of the raw ...

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Biochars in Iron Ores Sintering Process: Effect on Sinter ...

The article presents results of the research on the use of chars produced during pyrolysis of residual biomass as a substitutional fuel in the iron ore sintering process. Such an approach allows to implement circular economy and industrial symbiosis to the iron and steel branches. The effect of the substitution of conventional coke breeze fuel used in sintering on final sinter

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Optimization of iron ore sintering process based on ELM ...

2016-1-21 · Optimization of iron ore sintering process is to maximize the productivity and the sinter ore quality while minimizing the energy consumption. However, these economic and technical criteria are sometimes contradictory and the improvement of one criterion generally leads to the deterioration of other criteria. This paper aims to seek the optimal manipulated

Read More
Modified coke breeze distribution in iron ore sintering ...

2021-2-9 · MODIFIED COKE BREEZE DISTRIBUTION IN IRON ORE SINTERING - A NOVEL TECHNIQUE OF REDUCING ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND IMPROVING QUALITY J. Pal a,*, D. Prasad b,c, T. Venugopalan b a CSIR- National Metallurgical Laboratory, Jamshedpur, India b Tata Steel Ltd., Jamshedpur, India c Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR),

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A Data-Driven Model for Energy Consumption in the ...

The sintering process, as shown in Fig. 1, begins with the preparation of the raw materials consisting of iron ore fines, fluxes, in-plant metallurgical waste materials, fuel, and return fines from the sintering process. These materials are mixed in a rotating drum, and water is added in order to reach the desired agglomeration of the raw ...

Read More
Three Dimensional Mathematical Model of the Iron Ore ...

which includes sintering and blast furnace processes, and only the sintering process represents around 20% of this amount1,5. Therefore, sintering and blast furnace processes offer good opportunities to decrease the CO 2 emissions since mall decreasing of the coke breeze consumption and bonding agent used in iron ore sintering process

Read More
Thermodynamic Analysis of Iron Ore Sintering Process

The sinter process of iron ore with biomass carbon instead of coke breeze as fuel was investigated via thermodynamic analysis in this paper through a comparison of sinter composition indexes, metallurgical properties, and pollutant emissions. Straw charcoal was used in this paper, and its replacement does not adversely affect the composition index of iron ore, namely Fe,

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SINTERING AND PELLETISATION OF INDIAN IRON ORES

2020-2-2 · High grade iron ore less than 10% of the total reserves. ROM iron ore with Fe less than 58 – 60% discarded as waste. After beneficiation iron ore availability can improve by about 50%. Steel community and the country demand technological solutions for utilising low grade ores. The technology task that would be imperative: 1.

Read More
The Sintering Process of Iron Ore Fines – IspatGuru

2013-3-9 · Sintering is a thermal process (carried out at 1300 deg C to 1400 deg C) by which a mixture of iron ore, return fines, recycled products of the steel plant industry (such as mill scale, blast furnace dusts, etc.), slag forming elements,

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Biochars in Iron Ores Sintering Process: Effect on Sinter ...

The article presents results of the research on the use of chars produced during pyrolysis of residual biomass as a substitutional fuel in the iron ore sintering process. Such an approach allows to implement circular economy and industrial symbiosis to the iron and steel branches. The effect of the substitution of conventional coke breeze fuel used in sintering on final sinter

Read More
Optimization of iron ore sintering process based on ELM ...

2016-1-21 · Optimization of iron ore sintering process is to maximize the productivity and the sinter ore quality while minimizing the energy consumption. However, these economic and technical criteria are sometimes contradictory and the improvement of one criterion generally leads to the deterioration of other criteria. This paper aims to seek the optimal manipulated

Read More
Theory and Practice of Sintering of Iron ore – IspatGuru

2018-11-25 · Sintering of iron ore is a generic term which is used to describe the process whereby a sinter mix (raw mix or green mix) of iron ore fines, fluxes, fuel (coke breeze) and plant return fines (e.g. mill scale, blast furnace dust, and returned sinter fines etc.) are converted into a particular form of agglomerate.

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Mineralogy of Iron Ores of Different Alumina Levels from ...

2015-5-27 · M. Sinha et al. 181 er less important sources are Carbonates (FeCO 3), Sulphides (Pyrite FeS 2) and Silicates like Chamosite, Grune- rite etc. with complex chemical formulae. The main impurities in iron ore are SiO 2, Al 2O 3, S, P, TiO 2, and Na 2O & K 2O.Each steel company has its own blast furnace practice and the impact of these impurities varies accor-

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